What is K390 steel?
In simple words, it is a cold work tool steel that is formulated with the best features.
This kind of steel is famous for its durability and resistance, which explains why it is often used for knife manufacture worldwide.
Thanks to the inherently outstanding features, applications made of it are supposed to be the top quality products.
After the general definition of it, we will take a closer look to see the properties that make up K390 steel and its outstanding features.
- Carbon – 2,47%: We all know that carbon is the material that will improve steel products’ hardness. Besides, it also increases resistance against wear or corrosion.
- Chromium – 4,25%: Chromium helps to enhance tensile strength. The key function of this element is that it improves the edge reliability of the edge. Besides, chromium is corrosion-resistant and water-resistant.
- Molybdenum – 3,8%: For strength and machinability.
- Manganese – 0,4%: More manganese helps to increase the brittleness and hardness.
- Silicon – 0,55%: For hardness and strength
- Vanadium – 9%: Increases the hardness for the products. Besides, Vanadium is wear-resistance.
- Cobalt – 2%: This element is added to increase the effect of other chemical elements
- Tungsten – 1%: Tungsten also helps to increase the hardness and wear resistance.
As we can see, K390 contains a variety of quality properties. That is the reason behind the excellent hardness and resistance.
First, we have to affirm that the K390 possesses many outstanding features, especially hardness.
According to the manufacturer, the hardness of K390 can reach up to 65HRC. However, the best hardness is not the most qualified. To evaluate the quality of steel, we have to consider many other factors such as edge retention, corrosion resistance, sharpness, toughness.
This part will include all these factors to provide you with a deeper look into it.
- Edge Retention: this is the factor that makes the knives made from the K390 much more durable. A knife with insufficient edge retention will quickly fail when used to cut hard objects. Thanks to the high rate of Carbon, Chromium, Vanadium, and Molybdenum, K390 has perfect edge retention.
- Corrosion resistance: With a high rate of chromium, about 4.25%, it is resistant to rust at a good level, but not the best. More precisely, you can consider this as semi-stainless steel.
- Wear Resistance: Vanadium is known as a chemical element that is extremely wear-resistant. With 9% of it, it is very hard and can be used for years.
- Sharpness: Includes many hardening substances that make it strong. In terms of sharpness, this is the downside because it will be difficult to sharpen a knife made of it.
- Machinability: It has a high presence of Molybdenum (3,8%), increasing good machinability.
- Toughness: If you read this far, you probably know that it has extremely high hardness. However, too much hardness will make it brittle. So in terms of toughness, 390 is not good.
Can It Be Used To Manufacture Knives?
The answer is definitely yes. With good rust resistance, corrosion resistance, and especially extreme hardness, it is perfectly suited for making high-quality knives.
And on the market today, there are many models of knives made from it as they are ideal for cutting hard objects. With good edge retention, you can assure that the knife will last for a very long time.
Comparison With Other Types of Steel
In many respects, S90V is the steel with many similarities with K390. First, both contain 9% vanadium, so they both have the same hardness and edge retention.
Second, through many tests, we jump to the conclusion that the wear resistance of S90V is equal to K390.
Third, both steel is at the same price level, in the high-end segment.
However, S90V proved to be superior to K390 in terms of corrosion resistance. However, the difference is not large.
In this part, we are going to put the K390 in comparison with the other steel, that is M390. We use a scale from one to ten to evaluate four factors: Toughness, corrosion resistance, sharpness, edge retention.
Speaking of toughness and edge retention, both K390 and m390 have the same points, respectively 6 and 8.
When it comes to the ease of sharpness, it is harder to sharpen when compared to m390. However, the distance is not much, with 4 for K390 and 5 for m390.
But in corrosion resistance, m390 is much superior to k380 with 8 points, while for K390, the point for this factor is only 3.
In a Nutshell
It is never easy to go deep into the steel world to determine whether steel is good or bad. So with the K390 steel review, we have given you the definition and features and compared it with other steel. To sum up, it is high-end steel and is completely suitable for making top-quality knives.
We hope that you have gained the necessary knowledge about this product.
Thank you for your time!
Last Updated on February 24, 2021 by Andy Wang