X50CrMoV15 Steel Review: What Is It? Is It Good For Making Knives?

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X50CrMoV15 Steel is one of the most common steel recipes for knives out there.

So, if you have a collection of kitchen knives, chances are at least one of them will use this steel recipe.

It’s a German recipe that is used by manufacturers all over the world and is characterized by its high chromium content, which makes it very resistant to corrosion.

While it isn’t the best steel for knives, it does offer a lot of great qualities that make it ideal for kitchen blades.

X50CrMoV15 is known for being high in carbon for edge retention, chromium for corrosion resistance, and a fair amount of vanadium that makes it resistant to wear as well.

In this article, we take a close look at X50CrMoV15 to figure out its qualities, and whether it’s the right steel for your kitchen cutlery.

Read on to learn more.

Related: Types of knife steel (ultimate guide)

Main components

For a better assessment of this substance, we need to clarify the composition of the X50CrMoV15. Let’s take a look at the information below to understand more about its ingredients:

  • Chromium content of 15%: this substance is made for excellent corrosion resistance, enhances edge strength and tensile retention.
  • Carbon content of 0,55%: it is in charge of building on hardness, besides it also contributes to wear resistance better; however, its high amount can lessen the product’s durability.
  • Manganese content of 1%: the component improves brittleness and hardness
  • Silicon content of 1%: it plays a role in boosting product’s strength
  • Molybdenum of 0,8%: promotes strength and machinability
  • Vanadium of 0.2%: tweaks hardenability and corrosion resistance
  • Phosphorus and Sulfur content of 0,04% and 0,015%,  respectively: two of these substances increase strength and machinability.

From those factors, it isn’t hard to notice that the critical chemical components are a combination of high Vanadium, Carbon, and Chromium, which allows it to raise wear resistance with superior toughness and hardness.


Outstanding features

Based on the elements mentioned earlier, this X50CrMoV15 stands for the following specific properties:

Note: In the next part, we are going to refer to the term “HRC”; it means the hardness of steel.

  • Edge strength: A maximum of 56 HRC and over the content of Carbon 0.5% leads to edge strength and good hardness; however, it is not the best steel in this market.
  • Corrosion resistance: Carbon and Vanadium’s blend contains a Chromium content of 15%, permitting it to reach a superb corrosion resistance.
  • Sharpness: there is a rule that the harder the material, the harder to edge, but it is an exception to the regulation. The substance is not hard to sharpen.
  • Toughness: this product is well known for toughness, which tends to overwhelm hardness in general.


There is a similar pattern between the X50CrMoV15 and other German steel in the kitchen tool market, namely 4116 steel. These both contain close chemical components (rich in chromium, and carbon and vanadium content are somewhat similar).

Besides, these objects belong to the same range of cost, and they are mostly utilized in manufacturing kitchen knives, thanks to resemblance about hardness, toughness, and corrosion resistance.

What is it good for?

Do you often work with a cooking knife? If yes, we’re sure you want some good kitchen knives that will make your job smoother.

You don’t need to look for another good option or wonder whether the X50CrMoV15 suitable steel is good for knives or not anymore. The answer is YES.

The fact is that steel knives easily corrode when you use them for a long time. However, the X50CrMoV15 is stainless, which means it deals with rust and corrosion very well.

Moreover, it meets the outstanding toughness, excellent hardness, and the highlighting quality of wear resistance, which is appropriate to manufacture knives for kitchens.

This material is stemmed from a premium- quality material which The WMF- one of the famous producers – chooses cautiously to manufacture kitchen cutlery.

If you choose this type of kitchen utensil, your cooking will also be smooth and efficient. However, sometimes you may forget to sharpen them. In order to keep these steel appliances more durable, it’s best to use some of the most affordable and recommended grinding stones in your kitchen.

From these above mentioned, we would confidently recommend you pick the X50CrMoV15 knives.  This is a firm, cheap type of steel with outstanding quality in terms of resistance to abrasion, they are ideal for your kitchen and cooking job.

X50CrMoV15 vs. 440C steel

In this part, we are about to compare the X50CrMoV15 with other steels; specifically, we decide to pick 440C steel, which is the X50CrMoV15’ rival.

Let’s see who would be the winner in the battle of toughness, hardness, wear-resistance, and edge strength with measurements from one to ten.

Features X50CrMoV15  440C
Edge strength 1/10 2.5/10
Toughness 6/10 5/10
Wear resistance 6/10 7/10
Sharpness 9/10 7/10

From the above comparison table, we can realize that the specification of X50CrMoV15 steel is higher than its 440c steel in terms of sharpness and toughness. With the two other criteria, specific edge strength and corrosion resistance, steel 440C scores higher than X50CrMoV15  steel.


Actually, I am not a chef, but I am into cooking and usually pay attention to kitchen tools of high quality. This blog is my X50CrMoV15 steel review based on my experiences. Please feel free to share your opinion if you have other thoughts about this kind of steel.

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Last Updated on September 28, 2021

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My name is David Strong. I'm a knife expert and a US Marine veteran. I used to fight in Iraq, so I gained lots of combat experience there, especially when it comes to combat, tactical, and outdoor knives. And this blog is where I share my expertise with you alongside my friend Andy.